Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariate association of early initiation of breastfeeding and selected variables in Dale Woreda, March 2012

From: Early initiation of breastfeeding among mothers of children under the age of 24 months in Southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Initiation of breastfeeding (n = 618) OR (CI) p- value
Within 1 h (early)
n (%)
After 1 h
n (%)
Mother's age (years)
 15–19
 20–24
 25–29
 30–34
  ≥ 35
17 (70.8)
163 (79.5)
191 (87.2)
98 (85.2)
48 (87.3)
7 (29.2)
42 (20.5)
28 (12.8)
17 (14.8)
7 (12.7)
1
1.6 (0.58, 4.71)
1.7 (0.57, 5.41)
1.2 (0.34, 4.07)
1.0 (0.20, 4.18)
1
0.33
0.32
0.79
0.91
Birthweight of child
  < 2.5 kg
  ≥ 2.5 kg
 Do not know
3 (60.0)
204 (78.2)
310 (88.1)
2 (40.0)
57 (21.8)
42 (11.9)
0.6 (0.07, 4.62)
1.5 (0.78, 2.91)
1
0.61
0.21
1
Educational status of the mother
 Attended no formal school
 Attended formal school
129 (90.2)
388 (81.7)
14 (9.8)
87 (18.3)
0.9 (0.44, 1.98)
1
0.85
1
Ethnicity
 Sidama
 Amara
 Oromo
 Wolayita
 Othersa
323 (91.0)
49 (73.1)
27 (75.0)
61 (67.0)
57 (82.6)
32 (9.0)
18 (26.9)
9 (25.0)
30 (33.0)
12 (17.4)
1
0.7 (0.29, 1.50)
0.8 (0.30, 2.23)
0.5 (0.24, 1.09)
1.2 (0.50, 2.86)
1
0.32
0.70
0.08
0.68
Monthly family income in Ethiopian birr (1US $ =18 ETB)
 0–500
 501–1000
 1001–1500
 1501–2000
  > 2000
 Didn't know
70 (82.4)
52 (74.3)
16 (94.1)
15 (65.2)
27 (77.1)
337 (86.9)
15 (17.6)
18 (25.7)
1 (5.9)
8 (34.8)
8 (22.9)
51 (13.1)
0.8 (0.42, 1.74)
0.8 (0.43, 1.66)
5.8 (0.69, 48.32)
0.6 (0.22, 1.70)
0.7 (0.27, 1.89)
1
0.67
0.63
0.10
0.34
0.51
1
Ownership of house
 Owner
 Rented
 Dependent
334 (91.8)
158 (72.1)
25 (71.4)
30 (8.2)
61 (27.9)
10 (28.6)
1
0.5 (0.26, 0.99)
0.3 (0.12, 0.79)
1
0.04
0.01
Parity
 One
 2–4
  ≥ 5
176 (75.5)
236 (86.8)
105 (92.9)
57 (24.5)
36 (13.2)
8 (7.1)
1
0.9 (0.15, 5.45)
1.6 (0.09, 25.37)
1
0.92
0.76
Number of living children
 One
 2–4
  ≥ 5
182 (75.5)
249 (87.7)
86 (92.5)
59 (24.5)
35 (12.3)
7 (7.5)
1
2.0 (0.33, 12.3)
1.7 (0.10, 28.8)
1
0.45
0.73
Frequency of listening to radio
 Almost every day
 At least once a fortnight
 Less than once a week
 Not at all
221 (76.7)
44 (80.0)
39 (95.1)
213 (91.0)
67 (23.3)
11 (20.0)
2 (4.9)
21 (9.0)
1
1.2 (0.53, 2.52)
4.7 (1.02, 21.39)
1.6 (0.85, 3.14)
1
0.70
0.50
0.14
Antenatal care
 Yes
 No
206 (78.0)
311 (87.9)
58 (22.0)
43 (12.1)
1
1.4 (0.86, 2.38)
1
0.16
Place of birth
 Outside health facility
 Health facilities
312 (89.7)
205 (75.9)
36 (10.3)
65 (24.1)
0.9 (0.20, 3.86)
1
0.86
1
Assistance during delivery
 Health professional
 Traditional birth attendant
 No one
211 (75.9)
283 (89.6)
23 (95.8)
67 (24.1)
33 (10.4)
1 (4.2)
1
1.8 (0.43, 7.75)
3.0 (0.25, 36.7)
1
0.41
0.38
  1. aGuragge, Tigray, Kembata, Hadiya, Benchimaji