Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate association of early initiation of breastfeeding in Dale Woreda, March 2012

From: Early initiation of breastfeeding among mothers of children under the age of 24 months in Southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Initiation of breastfeeding (n = 618) OR (CI) p - value
Within 1 h (early)
n (%)
After 1 h
n (%)
Mother's age (years)
 15–19
 20–24
 25–29
 30–34
  ≥ 35
17 (70.8)
163 (79.5)
191 (87.2)
98 (85.2)
48 (87.3)
7 (29.2)
42 (20.5)
28 (12.8)
17 (14.8)
7 (12.7)
1
0.6 (0.24, 1.60)
0.4 (0.14, 0.94)
0.4 (0.15, 1.17)
0.4 (0.11, 1.16)
1
0.33
0.03
0.09
0.08
Sex of child
 Male
 Female
262 (83.7)
255 (83.6)
51 (16.3)
50 (16.4)
1
1.0 (0.65, 1.52)
1
0.97
Birthweight of child
  < 2.5 kg
  ≥ 2.5 kg
 Do not know
3 (60.0)
204 (78.2)
310 (88.1)
2 (40.0)
57 (21.8)
42 (11.9)
0.2 (0.03, 1.25)
0.5 (0.31, 0.75)
1
0.08
0.001
1
Marital status
 Married
 Othersa
502 (83.9)
96 (16.1)
15 (75.0)
5 (25.0)
1.7 (0.62, 4.91)
1
0.29
1
Educational status of the mother
 Attended no formal school
 Attended formal school
129 (90.2)
388 (81.7)
14 (9.8)
87 (18.3)
2.1 (1.14)
1
0.02
1
Ethnicity
 Sidama
 Amara
 Oromo
 Wolayita
 Othersb
323 (91.0)
49 (73.1)
27 (75.0)
61 (67.0)
57 (82.6)
32 (9.0)
18 (26.9)
9 (25.0)
30 (33.0)
12 (17.4)
1
0.3 (0.14, 0.52)
0.3 (0.13, 0.69)
0.2 (0.11, 0.36)
0.5 (0.23, 0.97)
1
<0.001
0.005
< 0.001
0.04
Religion
 Christian
 Muslim
500 (83.8)
17 (81.0)
97 (16.2)
4 (19.0)
1
0.8 (0.27, 2.50)
1
0.73
Monthly family income in Ethiopian birr (1US $ =18 ETB)
 0–500
 501–1000
 1001–1500
 1501–2000
  > 2000
 Didn't know
70 (82.4)
52 (74.3)
16 (94.1)
15 (65.2)
27 (77.1)
337 (86.9)
15 (17.6)
18 (25.7)
1 (5.9)
8 (34.8)
8 (22.9)
51 (13.1)
0.7 (0.38, 1.33)
0.4 (0.24, 0.81)
2.4 (0.31, 18.65)
0.3 (0.12, 0.70)
0.5 (0.22, 1.18)
1
0.28
0.01
0.39
0.01
0.12
1
Ownership of house
 Owner
 Rented
 Dependent
334 (91.8)
158 (72.1)
25 (71.4)
30 (8.2)
61 (27.9)
10 (28.6)
1
0.2 (0.14, 0.37)
0.2 (0.10, 0.51)
1
< 0.001
< 0.001
Parity
 One
 2–4
  ≥ 5
176 (75.5)
236 (86.8)
105 (92.9)
57 (24.5)
36 (13.2)
8 (7.1)
1
2.1 (1.34, 3.36)
4.3 (1.95, 9.26)
1
0.001
< 0.001
Number of living children
 One
 2–4
  ≥ 5
182 (75.5)
249 (87.7)
86 (92.5)
59 (24.5)
35 (12.3)
7 (7.5)
1
2.3 (1.45, 3.65)
4.0 (1.75, 9.08)
1
< 0.001
0.001
Frequency of listening to radio
 Almost every day
 At least once a fortnight
 Less than once a week
 Not at all
221 (76.7)
44 (80.0)
39 (95.1)
213 (91.0)
67 (23.3)
11 (20.0)
2 (4.9)
21 (9.0)
1
1.2 (0.59, 2.48)
6.0 (1.39, 25.13)
3.1 (1.82, 5.20)
1
0.60
0.02
< 0.001
Frequency of reading newspaper
 Almost every day
 At least once a fortnight
 Less than once a week
 Not at all
22 (71.0)
46 (78.0)
78 (83.0)
371 (85.5)
9 (29.0)
13 (22.0)
16 (17.0)
63 (14.5)
0.4 (0.18, 0.94)
0.6 (0.31, 1.17)
0.8 (0.45, 1.51)
1
0.04
0.14
0.54
1
Antenatal care
 Yes
 No
206 (78.0)
311 (87.9)
58 (22.0)
43 (12.1)
1
2.0 (1.32, 3.14)
1
0.001
Place of birth
 Outside Health Facility
 Health facilities
312 (89.7)
205 (75.9)
36 (10.3)
65 (24.1)
2.7 (1.76, 4.30)
1
< 0.001
1
Assistance during delivery
 Health professional
 Traditional birth attendant
 No one
211 (75.9)
283 (89.6)
23 (95.8)
67 (24.1)
33 (10.4)
1 (4.2)
1
2.7 (1.73, 4.28)
7.3 (0.97, 55.10)
1
< 0.001
0.05
Breastfeeding advice/counselling
 Yes
 No
418 (84.8)
99 (79.2)
75 (15.2)
26 (20.8)
1.5 (0.89, 2.41)
1
0.13
  1. aWidowed, single, divorced
  2. bGuragge, Tigray, Kembata, Hadiya, Benchimaji