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Table 3 Association between exclusive breastfeeding and socio-demographic and health service related factors among 402 respondents

From: Prevalence and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among women in Kigoma region, Western Tanzania: a community based cross-sectional study

  Exclusively breastfed (n = 232)   
Variable Total (N) n (%) OR (95%CI) p value
Mother      
Age (year)      
15-24 195 120 61.5 1  
25-49 207 112 54.1 14 (0.9, 2.0) 0.132
Education      
None/Primary 380 218 57.4 1  
Secondary & above 22 14 63.6 1.3 (0.5, 3.5) 0.563
Employment      
Not Employed 282 150 53.2 1  
Employed 120 82 68.3 1.9 (1.2, 3.0) 0.005
Marital status      
Married 343 191 55.7 1  
Single 59 41 69.5 1.8 (1.0, 3.3) 0.047
Number of children      
> one child 305 173 56.7 1  
One child 97 59 60.8 1.2 (0.7, 1.9) 0.476
Knowledge of EBF      
   Inadequate 55 12 21.8 1  
   Adequate 347 220 63.4 6.2 (3.2, 12.2) < 0.001
Advised about EBF during pregnancy      
Yes 206 113 54.8 1  
No 196 119 60.7 1.3 (0.9, 1.9) 0.967
Place of delivery      
Home 148 61 41.2 1  
Health facility 254 171 67.3 2.9 (1.9, 4.6) < 0.001
Pathology problems*      
Yes 68 14 20.6 1  
No 334 218 65.3 7.3 (3.9, 13.6) < 0.001
HIV status      
Positive 6 3 50.0 1  
Negative 358 211 58.9 1.4 (0.2, 9.0) 0.694
Partner      
Age in year (n = 378)**      
Above 25 317 180 56.8 1  
25 or less 61 35 57.4 1.0 (0.6, 1.8) 0.932
Education (n = 386)**      
None/primary Secondary 333 181 54.4 1  
& above 53 41 77.4 2.87 (1.40, 6.00) 0.002
Children's information      
Underweight (W/A)      
Normal 363 212 58.4 1  
Underweight 39 20 51.3 1.33 (0.69, 2.59) 0.392
Stunting (H/A)      
Normal 336 200 59.5 1  
Stunted 66 32 48.5 1.56 (0.92, 2.56) 0.097
  1. Some ANC cards could not be found
  2. *Problems related to mothers' breasts (engorgement, sore/cracked nipple, mastitis or abscess)
  3. **Some women did not know their partner's age and/or their education level.
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