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Table 1 Characteristics of the 409 participating women and factors associated on bivariate analysis with awareness of the recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding for six months or the intention to meet the recommendations

From: Intention to breastfeed and awareness of health recommendations: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia

Characteristics N = 409
n^ (%)
Aware of recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding N = 249 Intend to meet the recommendation N = 170
   n (row %) P# n (row %) P##
Age    < 0.001   0.24
   <20 54 (13) 21 (39)   18 (33)  
   20-24 121 (30) 71 (59)   48 (40)  
   25-29 139 (34) 89 (64)   56 (40)  
   30-34 62 (15) 42 (68)   33 (53)  
   ≥35 33 (8) 26 (79)   15 (46)  
Marital status    0.005   0.003
   Married/de facto partner 354 (87) 225 (64)   157 (44)  
   Never married 53 (13) 23 (43)   12 (23)  
Employment status    0.06   0.02
   Employed 36 (9) 25 (69)   21(58)  
   Paid maternity leave 77 (19) 57 (74)   38 (49)  
   Unpaid maternity leave 111 (27) 70 (63)   50 (45)  
   Unemployed 88 (21) 46 (52)   25 (28)  
   Home duties 68 (17) 36 (53)   27 (40)  
   Student 15 (4) 8 (53)   6 (40)  
   Other 13 (3) 7 (54)   3 (23)  
Education level    < 0.001   0.25
   Completed primary school to school certificate 86 (21) 38 (44)   28 (33)  
   HSC to TAFE certificate or diploma* 229 (56) 138 (60)   98 (43)  
   Completed University/tertiary education 92 (23) 71 (77)   43 (47)  
Country of birth    0.91   0.97
   Australia 274 (67) 166 (61)   114 (42)  
   Other 134 (33) 82 (61)   56 (42)  
Language spoken at home    0.68   0.24
   English 364 (89) 220 (60)   148 (41)  
   Other 44 (11) 28 (64)   22 (50)  
Anticipated time back to work or study after giving birth**    0.18   0.53
   ≤ 3 months 39 (11) 17 (44)   15 (39)  
   4-6 months 75 (21) 44 (59)   25 (33)  
   7-12 months 79 (22) 50 (63)   34 (43)  
   After 12 months/don't plan to go back 141 (39) 89 (63)   64 (45)  
   Don't know 26 (7) 18 (69)   11 (42)  
Aware of recommended duration of exclusive breastfeeding      < 0.001
   Yes 249 (61)    153 (61)  
   No 160 (39)    17 (11)  
Intend to meet the recommendation      
   Yes 170 (42)     
   No 239 (58)     
  1. * HSC = Higher School Certificate, TAFE = Technical And Further Education
  2. ** Only for those who were in workforce or studying; ^ May not add up to 409 due to missing values
  3. # Comparisons of those who were aware and who were unaware of the recommendation
  4. ## Comparisons of those who intended and who didn't intend to meet the recommendation